Oropharyngeal Candidiasis or Oral Thrush: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

Oropharyngeal candidiasis or oral thrush is a medical condition caused by fungus overgrowth in the throat and mouth. This fungus is usually present in the digestive tract, mouth, and skin of all healthy people. It is generally kept in balance by the body's healthy bacteria and immune system. When this balance is disturbed, it results in an overgrowth of this fungus, causing thrush.

Read the blog to learn more about oral thrush symptoms and the available treatments.

What Causes Oral Thrush in Adults?

Oral thrush is the result of an overgrowth of the fungus named Candida albicans in the mouth or throat. The excessive growth of this fungus is triggered due to different factors such as pregnancy, illness, new medications, or variations in the immune system.

Oral Thrush Treatment

Treatment of thrush mostly depends on its cause and severity. Doctors usually prescribe antifungal medications like lozenges or a topical oral suspension for treating thrush. However, for patients with compromised immune system, antifungals are administered either orally or intravenously.

Home Remedies for Oral Thrush

Some useful home remedies for oral thrush include:

  • Practicing good oral hygiene
  • Disinfecting dentures
  • Warm salt water rinse
  • Using nursing pads 
  • Eating soft, easy-to-swallow foods

Is Oral Thrush Contagious?

Usually, thrush is non-contagious, but it may occasionally pass from one person to another. For example, a breast-feeding baby with thrush may pass it by contact with the mother's breast. Thrush infection is considered to be highly dependent on your immune system’s strength.

How Long Does Oral Thrush Last Without Treatment?

Very mild cases of thrush clear up with the use of over-the-counter solutions. If appropriately treated, it will go away in about two weeks. However, if left untreated, severe thrush can cause other severe systemic candida infections. For example, if you have an impaired immune system, thrush can spread to other areas of your body, such as the esophagus. Also, there is a chance of recurrence if it is left untreated.

If you experience symptoms of oral thrush, contact our Shoreline dentists or Milton dentists today for a consultation.

Related Article: 4 Effective Home Remedies to Treat Gingivitis


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