Periodontal Treatment- A Brief Overview
Scaling eliminates tartar and bacteria from both the surface and base of your tooth. Specialized instruments like a laser or an ultrasonic device may be used to perform scaling activity.
- Root Planing
Root planing provides smoothness to the root surfaces of your teeth preventing further accumulation of tartar and bacteria. It also wipes out bacterial byproducts that cause inflammation, and retard healing or adhesion of the gum to your tooth surfaces.
- Laser Treatment
Low strength laser light therapy minimizes bacterial levels, diminishes inflammation, eliminates infected tissue, maximizes circulation, promotes collagen formation, and improves bone and tissue healing. Lasers heal as they work, allowing gum tissue to improve faster, helping to arrest the progression of active periodontal disease.
Local or oral antibiotics can aid in checking bacterial infection. Local antibiotics such as antibiotic mouth rinses or antibiotics gel insertion between your teeth gaps and gums or into pockets after extensive cleaning. Oral antibiotics may still be required to completely get rid of infection-causing bacteria.
- Flap Surgery (Pocket Reduction Surgery)
In this method, a small portion of your gum tissue is raised back through a tiny incision into your gum created by your dentist. This reveals the roots for more efficient scaling and root planing. Since, periodontitis often leads to your bone loss, the inherent bone may be suitably re-modified prior to the suturing back of gum tissue in its location. Subsequently, after your healing process, cleaning these areas to maintain healthy gum tissue becomes much easier.
- Soft Tissue Grafts
Upon losing your gum tissue, your gum-line starts constricting, for which you may require strengthening up of some of your damaged soft tissues. This is usually performed by removing a minute portion of tissue from the mouth surface or another donor source and grafting it to the affected area. This can be helpful in reducing further gum recession and conceal exposed roots so that your teeth can afford a more pleasing appearance.
- Bone Grafting
This method is executed when periodontitis has obliterated the bone surrounding your tooth base. The graft may include aggregates of small pieces of your own bone, or artificial or donated bone. The bone graft aids in preventing tooth loss by retaining your tooth in spot. It also acts as a platform for the natural bone regeneration.
- Guided Tissue Regeneration
This process is followed for the re-development of your bone that was damaged by bacteria. Your dentist positions a particular piece of bio-compatible material between existent bone and your tooth normally, during flap surgery. The material forbids unwanted tissue from making entry into the healing area that rather allows your bone to regenerate back.
- Bone Surgery
After flap surgery, the bone surrounding your tooth is re-contoured to minimize the depressions. This helps in controlling the bacteria growth and accumulation.
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